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Briefing before the ride

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Exercise 1
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Exercise 2
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Statutory rider and horse equipment

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Exercise 3
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Jumping training

Instructor: The horse is warmed up so I think we can move to riding through poles. I will slightly raise their ends and make cavaletti out of them. Let's start from the side of the door.
Trainee: In a two‑point positionm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518078901952_0two‑point position or risingm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518083275424_0rising?
I: In the two‑point position. Remember about a straight, long approachm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518083312376_0approach and to pay attention to the middle of the poles.
T: My horse was not raising its legs today at all. It's hoof hit almost every pole!
I: Because you forgot about the engaging calfm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518083327055_0engaging calf. Try again. If that doesn't help, use the whip.
T: Yes, that's much better. I will change the direction and approach from the other side.
I: Great, try to look forward and not to disturb the rhythm. The hand maintains a flexible contact with the horse's mouth.
T: And now?
I: Yes, now it was very well. Pat the horse and move to a walk. After you rest for a little while, we'll jump a few times from trot. Approach those cross railsm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518083386336_0cross rails.
T: Do we landm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518083406609_0land on the right or the left leg?
I: On the right, then make a circle with canter. On the next jump we will add a flying changem12dc7327b1ad5454_1518084115118_0flying change.
T: Through the middle?
I: That will work. The jump was very good but remember to look forward. I'm adding fencesm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518084451125_0fences, we will turn this into jump‑leapm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518084470646_0jump‑leap combination. Gymnastic linem12dc7327b1ad5454_1518084663499_0Gymnastic line will help to loosen up the horse a bit.
T: Can I approach the obstacle in canter in a jumping positionm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518084680374_0jumping position?
I: Yes but calculate the bouncing moment well.
T: It's difficult to do when the horse is running very fast forward when it sees the obstacle.
I: Try to utilise the half‑haltm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518085829445_0half‑halt and back up before the jump. Very well, we will do that a few more times and then I will change the cross rails to the verticalm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518085848980_0vertical. But first a moment of walk. Take a break. You can loosen the rain, but remember to actively ride forward.

Exercise 4
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Upcoming race

Ladies and Gentlemen!

It seems that we have a busy week in front of us. It's crowning moment will be the first time mountingm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518087373213_0mounting a horse for some of you.
Those who participate in the race for the first time on the weekend need to remember to appear in front of the weighing judgem12dc7327b1ad5454_1518087410582_0weighing judge at least 30 minutes before the start or even 45 minutes earlier. Take all of your equipment for the weighing including your helmet and vest and excluding the breastplate, bridle, glasses, whip, saddle cloth and legs. Weighing is mandatory also after the race. You leave the track in the saddle and unsaddle the horses by yourselves. The weight before and after the racem12dc7327b1ad5454_1518087435219_0race should be the same otherwise you could be facing a disqualificationm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518087464321_0disqualification!
Riding students, that is those who haven't won 10 races yet have a four‑kilogram weight reliefm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518087484827_0weight relief.
I would like to also remind you that the carrying weight for thoroughbredsm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518087501330_0thoroughbreds in flat racing is for 2 years old horses 53 kg, for 3 years old horses 61 kg, and for 4 years old horses and older 62 kg.
I know that some of you will try to lose weight before the race. Please remember that extremely dehydrated rider is not able to use their full potential. Spending two hours in the sauna before the race is not a good solution! Balanced diet and additional sport is much more effective. I appeal to your common sense in this matter.

Regarding the trainings, we will work on the same thing as usual, that is strengthm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518087533077_0strength and shapem12dc7327b1ad5454_1518087552430_0shape. We will gradually increase loadm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518087567589_0increase load to improve the endurancem12dc7327b1ad5454_1518087588282_0endurance and fitnessm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518087612006_0fitness of the horses.

This week we will move to the working trackm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518087636146_0working track and apart from working canterm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518087646363_0working canter we will also train regular canterm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518087678916_0regular canter.

I invite you to a briefing on Friday to discuss the races planm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518087696824_0races plan and the tacticsm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518087714875_0tactics for individual races.

Kind regards and I wish you to only finish in paid places,
Instructor Wiśniewski

Exercise 5
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Adjusting the riding equipment

Well adjustedm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518088874750_0adjusted equipmentm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518088897393_0equipment is the basis of the proper training of the horse. Incorrectly adjusted equipment, besides causing abrasions and discomfort can also interfere with the horses proper movement.

Saddle

Well selected saddle distributes the body mass of the rider and absorbs shock. When choosing the saddle we need to determine its purpose above all. Dressage saddles have deep seatm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518088912834_0seat and long stirrupsm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518088954332_0stirrups. Jumping saddles are used for two‑point position, therefore their seat is flat and stirrups are shorter. Riders, who haven't decided yet which way their sports career will go, should use all‑purpose saddlesm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518088976522_0all‑purpose saddles.
When purchasing a saddle we need to remember about adjusting its size to the rider. Both height and weight are important. The taller the rider, the longer the flapsm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518088998047_0flaps should be (sizes from S to L), and the thicker the rider, the bigger the seat should be (from 16 to 19 inches).
It is important to take into consideration the build of the horse as well. It is necessary to select the right pummelm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518089017440_0pummel size. For horses with bigger withersm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518089042884_0withers and narrow back, the size will be smaller than for horses with small withers and a wide back.

Bridle

Similarly to saddles, there are many types of bridlesm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518089069045_0bridles on the market. Hackamoresm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518089092505_0Hackamores are available with different types of nosebandsm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518089109102_0nosebands like Hanover, Mexican or combination. It is worth to select one that corresponds to the build of our horse and the riding discipline we participate in. Their size is usually designated as Shetty, Pony, COB and FULL.
Selecting the bitm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518089127691_0bit is another difficulty. Again there are many possibilities here, starting from simple bitm12dc7327b1ad5454_1518089146536_0bit to complicated curbs selected by dressage riders. It is important for the bit to be of the same length as the horse's mouth. Its size is the length given in millimeters measured between the rings.

Exercise 6
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Body Condition Scoring Method

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Exercise 7
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Pictures

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Game

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Słownik pojęć modułu

mkfk2ak16f51376978c1_1498134kfk2ak_736
abrasion, abrasions əˈbreɪ.ʒən
abrasion, abrasions əˈbreɪ.ʒən

obtarcia

mak6fem16f51376978c1_1498134ak6fem_711
Adjustment əˈdʒʌst.mənt
Adjustment əˈdʒʌst.mənt

Dopasowanie

m8aidnc16f51376978c1_14981348aidnc_952
all‑purpose saddle, all‑purpose saddles ɔːlˈpɜː.pəs ˈsæd.əl
all‑purpose saddle, all‑purpose saddles ɔːlˈpɜː.pəs ˈsæd.əl

siodło wszechstronne

mci5df316f51376978c1_1498134ci5df3_604
approach əˈprəʊtʃ
approach əˈprəʊtʃ

najazd

mgggm6i16f51376978c1_1498134gggm6i_384
bit ring bɪt rɪŋ
bit ring bɪt rɪŋ

pierścień wędzidłowy

m27igkh16f51376978c1_149813427igkh_547
bit, bits bɪt
bit, bits bɪt

kiełzno, wędzidło

mffjhi916f51376978c1_1498134ffjhi9_853
body protector ˈbɒd.i prəˈtek.tər
body protector ˈbɒd.i prəˈtek.tər

kamizelka ochronna

m63nfek16f51376978c1_149813463nfek_858
Breeches ˈbrɪtʃ.ɪz
Breeches ˈbrɪtʃ.ɪz

Bryczesy

mcdjegm16f51376978c1_1498134cdjegm_297
bridle, bridles ˈbraɪ.dəl
bridle, bridles ˈbraɪ.dəl

ogłowie

mknkhif16f51376978c1_1498134knkhif_372
browband braʊbænd
browband braʊbænd

naczółek

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chaise ˌʃez
chaise ˌʃez

bryczka

mekfimj16f51376978c1_1498134ekfimj_972
Championship ˈtʃæm.pi.ən.ʃɪp
Championship ˈtʃæm.pi.ən.ʃɪp

czempionat

mbk73a716f51376978c1_1498134bk73a7_205
chaps tʃæps
chaps tʃæps

czapsy

mdkjdi816f51376978c1_1498134dkjdi8_610
cheek tʃiːk
cheek tʃiːk

policzko

miigbfj16f51376978c1_1498134iigbfj_172
circle ˈsɜː.kəl
circle ˈsɜː.kəl

koło

mdegejc16f51376978c1_1498134degejc_694
crest krest
crest krest

grzebień szyi

mfamn5a16f51376978c1_1498134famn5a_277
cross rails krɒs reɪl
cross rails krɒs reɪl

koperta, wskazówka

m8gdkfj16f51376978c1_14981348gdkfj_796
curb bit kɜːb bɪt
curb bit kɜːb bɪt

kiełzno munsztukowe

mgf8ef916f51376978c1_1498134gf8ef9_559
disqualification dɪˈskwɒl.ɪ.faɪ
disqualification dɪˈskwɒl.ɪ.faɪ

wyścig

mga6eja16f51376978c1_1498134ga6eja_227
driver, drivers ˈdraɪ.vər
driver, drivers ˈdraɪ.vər

powożący

ma4hcdb16f51376978c1_1498134a4hcdb_708
emaciated iˈmeɪ.si.eɪ.tɪd
emaciated iˈmeɪ.si.eɪ.tɪd

wychudzony

mcgb24k16f51376978c1_1498134cgb24k_785
endurance ɪnˈdʒʊə.rəns
endurance ɪnˈdʒʊə.rəns

wytrzymałość

mcjkddh16f51376978c1_1498134cjkddh_754
engaging calf ɪnˈɡeɪ.dʒɪŋ kɑːf
engaging calf ɪnˈɡeɪ.dʒɪŋ kɑːf

łydka aktywizująca

mabnmjd16f51376978c1_1498134abnmjd_787
equipment ɪˈkwɪp.mənt
equipment ɪˈkwɪp.mənt

sprzęt

medefea16f51376978c1_1498134edefea_672
exhausted ɪɡˈzɔː.stɪd
exhausted ɪɡˈzɔː.stɪd

wycieńczony

miaaead16f51376978c1_1498134iaaead_396
fat tissue fæt ˈtɪʃ.uː
fat tissue fæt ˈtɪʃ.uː

tkanka tłuszczowa

m3m322c16f51376978c1_14981343m322c_450
fences fens
fences fens

stojaki, płot

mnb9ec316f51376978c1_1498134nb9ec3_206
final stretch ˈfaɪ.nəl stretʃ
final stretch ˈfaɪ.nəl stretʃ

prosta finiszowa

mn4jafa16f51376978c1_1498134n4jafa_968
Fitness ˈfɪt.nəs
Fitness ˈfɪt.nəs

Kondycja, wydolność

mdanmnc16f51376978c1_1498134danmnc_183
flaps flæp
flaps flæp

tybinki

macebnn16f51376978c1_1498134acebnn_740
flash flæʃ
flash flæʃ

skośnik

m9296ja16f51376978c1_14981349296ja_142
flying change ˈflaɪ.ɪŋ tʃeɪndʒ
flying change ˈflaɪ.ɪŋ tʃeɪndʒ

lotna zmiana nogi

m2h9ia316f51376978c1_14981342h9ia3_695
glove, gloves ɡlʌv
glove, gloves ɡlʌv

rękawiczki

mn8ce2j16f51376978c1_1498134n8ce2j_719
gymnastic line dʒɪmˈnæs.tɪk laɪn
gymnastic line dʒɪmˈnæs.tɪk laɪn

szereg gimnastyczny

mh3ndfc16f51376978c1_1498134h3ndfc_427
Hackamore ˈhakəmɔː
Hackamore ˈhakəmɔː

bezwędzidłowe

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half‑halt hɑːf‑hɒlt
half‑halt hɑːf‑hɒlt

półparada

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half‑pass hɑːf‑pɑːs
half‑pass hɑːf‑pɑːs

ciąg

mmg698h16f51376978c1_1498134mg698h_862
harness ˈhɑː.nəs
harness ˈhɑː.nəs

uprząż

mfjcch416f51376978c1_1498134fjcch4_323
Haunches‑in hɔːntʃ‑ɪn
Haunches‑in hɔːntʃ‑ɪn

zadem do wewnątrz

mf86h9a16f51376978c1_1498134f86h9a_309
headband ˈhed.bænd
headband ˈhed.bænd

Nagłówek

mnnfa7h16f51376978c1_1498134nnfa7h_142
health helθ
health helθ

zdrowie

mmkbf5n16f51376978c1_1498134mkbf5n_871
helmet, helmets ˈhel.mət
helmet, helmets ˈhel.mət

kask

mkcging16f51376978c1_1498134kcging_535
in a jumping position ɪn ə ˌdʒʌm.pɪŋ pəˈzɪʃ.ən
in a jumping position ɪn ə ˌdʒʌm.pɪŋ pəˈzɪʃ.ən

w dosiadzie

mci34em16f51376978c1_1498134ci34em_753
incorrect nutrition ˌɪn.kərˈekt njuːˈtrɪʃ.ən
incorrect nutrition ˌɪn.kərˈekt njuːˈtrɪʃ.ən

niewłaściwe żywienie

magjaig16f51376978c1_1498134agjaig_840
increase load ɪnˈkriːs ləʊd
increase load ɪnˈkriːs ləʊd

zwiększać obciążenia

me4fmbh16f51376978c1_1498134e4fmbh_198
jodhpurs ˈdʒɒd.pəz
jodhpurs ˈdʒɒd.pəz

sztyblety

mebnjhe16f51376978c1_1498134ebnjhe_162
jump‑leap dʒʌmp‑liːp
jump‑leap dʒʌmp‑liːp

skok‑wyskok

mg3emng16f51376978c1_1498134g3emng_999
jumping saddle, jumping saddles ˌdʒʌm.pɪŋ ˈsæd.əl
jumping saddle, jumping saddles ˌdʒʌm.pɪŋ ˈsæd.əl

Siodło skokowe

miki9j216f51376978c1_1498134iki9j2_210
keep a distance kiːp ə ˈdɪs.təns
keep a distance kiːp ə ˈdɪs.təns

trzymać odstęp

mg9cdgc16f51376978c1_1498134g9cdgc_128
land lænd
land lænd

lądowanie

m4cnd6216f51376978c1_14981344cnd62_818
leading horse ˈliː.dɪŋ hɔːs
leading horse ˈliː.dɪŋ hɔːs

czołowy koń

mbnmh5416f51376978c1_1498134bnmh54_703
leg‑yield leɡ‑jiːld
leg‑yield leɡ‑jiːld

ustępowanie od łydki

m8ig7h416f51376978c1_14981348ig7h4_162
livestock show ˈlaɪv.stɒk ʃəʊ
livestock show ˈlaɪv.stɒk ʃəʊ

pokaz hodowlany

mkmbgeb16f51376978c1_1498134kmbgeb_379
long riding boots lɒŋ ˈraɪ.dɪŋ buːt
long riding boots lɒŋ ˈraɪ.dɪŋ buːt

oficerki

mke7c4m16f51376978c1_1498134ke7c4m_163
main track meɪn træk
main track meɪn træk

tor główny

meiigek16f51376978c1_1498134eiigek_208
malnourished ˌmælˈnʌr.ɪʃt
malnourished ˌmælˈnʌr.ɪʃt

niedożywiony

m5mii4f16f51376978c1_14981345mii4f_893
marathon chaise ˈmær.ə.θən ˌʃez
marathon chaise ˈmær.ə.θən ˌʃez

bryczka maratonowa

m4856gj16f51376978c1_14981344856gj_757
mounting ˈmaʊn.tɪŋ
mounting ˈmaʊn.tɪŋ

Dosiad

mfjnkk316f51376978c1_1498134fjnkk3_804
muscle, muscles ˈmʌs.əl
muscle, muscles ˈmʌs.əl

mięśnie

mi6hhj216f51376978c1_1498134i6hhj2_594
noseband, nosebands ˈnəʊzband
noseband, nosebands ˈnəʊzband

nachrapnik

mhi5gem16f51376978c1_1498134hi5gem_248
obese əʊˈbiːs
obese əʊˈbiːs

otyły

mgfgkm416f51376978c1_1498134gfgkm4_693
optimal condition ˈɒp.tɪ.məl kənˈdɪʃ.ən
optimal condition ˈɒp.tɪ.məl kənˈdɪʃ.ən

optymalna kondycja

mdam3mh16f51376978c1_1498134dam3mh_195
overtake ˌəʊ.vəˈteɪk
overtake ˌəʊ.vəˈteɪk

wyprzedzać

m86bf8c16f51376978c1_149813486bf8c_479
Pirouette ˌpɪr.uːˈet
Pirouette ˌpɪr.uːˈet

piruet

mhcjiej16f51376978c1_1498134hcjiej_197
presenter prɪˈzen.tər
presenter prɪˈzen.tər

prezenter

mk5ke8d16f51376978c1_1498134k5ke8d_521
protective boot, protective boots prəˈtek.tɪv buːt
protective boot, protective boots prəˈtek.tɪv buːt

ochraniacze

menffkn16f51376978c1_1498134enffkn_179
pummel, pummels ˈpʌm.əl
pummel, pummels ˈpʌm.əl

łęk

m24i6fn16f51376978c1_149813424i6fn_134
race reɪs
race reɪs

dyskwalifikacja

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race track fencing reɪs træk ˈfen.sɪŋ
race track fencing reɪs træk ˈfen.sɪŋ

kanat

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races plan reɪs plæn
races plan reɪs plæn

plan startów

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reflective element, reflective elements rɪˈflek.tɪv ˈel.ɪ.mənt
reflective element, reflective elements rɪˈflek.tɪv ˈel.ɪ.mənt

elementy odblaskowe

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regular canter ˈreɡ.jə.lər ˈkæn.tər
regular canter ˈreɡ.jə.lər ˈkæn.tər

galop właściwy

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reins reɪn
reins reɪn

wodza

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renvers ˈrɛnvəs
renvers ˈrɛnvəs

renwers

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rib, ribs rɪb
rib, ribs rɪb

żebra

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ride up to raɪd ʌp tʊ
ride up to raɪd ʌp tʊ

podjeżdżać

mb22jah16f51376978c1_1498134b22jah_123
riding jacket, riding jackets ˈraɪ.dɪŋ ˈdʒæk.ɪt
riding jacket, riding jackets ˈraɪ.dɪŋ ˈdʒæk.ɪt

rajtrok

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rising ˈraɪ.zɪŋ
rising ˈraɪ.zɪŋ

anglezować

mni8dic16f51376978c1_1498134ni8dic_409
seat, seats siːt
seat, seats siːt

siedzisko

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shape ʃeɪp
shape ʃeɪp

kondycja

md6jjij16f51376978c1_1498134d6jjij_335
shoulder in ˈʃəʊl.dər ɪn
shoulder in ˈʃəʊl.dər ɪn

Łopatka do wewnątrz

mem7dgf16f51376978c1_1498134em7dgf_427
skeletal system ˈskel.ə.təl ˈmʌs.əl
skeletal system ˈskel.ə.təl ˈmʌs.əl

układ kostny

mmhjnmj16f51376978c1_1498134mhjnmj_888
spurs spɜːr
spurs spɜːr

ostrogi

m3i5f8d16f51376978c1_14981343i5f8d_338
starter judge ˈstɑː.tər dʒʌdʒ
starter judge ˈstɑː.tər dʒʌdʒ

sędzia starter

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starting machine stɑːt məˈʃiːn
starting machine stɑːt məˈʃiːn

Maszyna startowa

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starting stall stɑːt stɔːl
starting stall stɑːt stɔːl

boks startowy

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stirrup, stirrups ˈstɪr.əp
stirrup, stirrups ˈstɪr.əp

strzemiona

mfe96hk16f51376978c1_1498134fe96hk_299
strength streŋθ
strength streŋθ

siła

mj9j93d16f51376978c1_1498134j9j93d_168
sulky ˈsʌlk.i
sulky ˈsʌlk.i

sulka

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tactics ˈtæk.tɪk
tactics ˈtæk.tɪk

taktyka

m8fiin416f51376978c1_14981348fiin4_676
tail base teɪl beɪs
tail base teɪl beɪs

nasada ogona

mhjkki416f51376978c1_1498134hjkki4_359
tailcoat ˈteɪl.kəʊt
tailcoat ˈteɪl.kəʊt

frak

mfbigan16f51376978c1_1498134fbigan_420
thoroughbreds ˈθʌr.ə.bred
thoroughbreds ˈθʌr.ə.bred

folblut

mf4k3cn16f51376978c1_1498134f4k3cn_941
throatlatch ˈθrəʊtlatʃ
throatlatch ˈθrəʊtlatʃ

podgardle

m48bjeg16f51376978c1_149813448bjeg_681
top hat tɒp hæt
top hat tɒp hæt

cylinder

me7f3ad16f51376978c1_1498134e7f3ad_956
traffic ˈtræf.ɪk
traffic ˈtræf.ɪk

ruch uliczny

md9eaja16f51376978c1_1498134d9eaja_198
travers ˈtravəs
travers ˈtravəs

trawers

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Two‑point position tuː‑pɔɪnt pəˈzɪʃ.ən
Two‑point position tuː‑pɔɪnt pəˈzɪʃ.ən

Półsiad

mm9fhdc16f51376978c1_1498134m9fhdc_169
vertical ˈvɜː.tɪ.kəl
vertical ˈvɜː.tɪ.kəl

stacjonata

m697gh416f51376978c1_1498134697gh4_466
veterinary check‑up ˈvet.ər.ɪ.nər.i ˈtʃek.ʌp
veterinary check‑up ˈvet.ər.ɪ.nər.i ˈtʃek.ʌp

przegląd weterynaryjny

mkf48mg16f51376978c1_1498134kf48mg_684
weighing judge, weighing judges weɪ dʒʌdʒ
weighing judge, weighing judges weɪ dʒʌdʒ

sędzia u wagi

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weight relief weɪt rɪˈliːf
weight relief weɪt rɪˈliːf

ulga wagi

mginmim16f51376978c1_1498134ginmim_301
winning post ˈwɪn.ɪŋ pəʊst
winning post ˈwɪn.ɪŋ pəʊst

celownik

mhnbjje16f51376978c1_1498134hnbjje_822
withers ˈwɪð.əz
withers ˈwɪð.əz

kłąb

m4egk6i16f51376978c1_14981344egk6i_711
working canter ˈwɜː.kɪŋ ˈkæn.tər
working canter ˈwɜː.kɪŋ ˈkæn.tər

kentrować

m7jjgjj16f51376978c1_14981347jjgjj_893
working track ˈwɜː.kɪŋ træk
working track ˈwɜː.kɪŋ træk

tor roboczy

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